Topic 2 introduced us to the benefits and challenges of openness in education and learning. In this post, I reflected on the questions our group has addressed:
- What does it mean to be open?
- Why should I be open?
- How open do I want to be?
- How can educators be informed about open resources?
David Wiley defined open educational resources (OER) in his TED talk as teaching materials that are freely shared and come with permissions. He explained the 4R Framework as follows:
- Reuse – the right to reuse the content in its unaltered form;
- Revise – the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself;
- Remix – the right to combine the original or revised content with other content to create something new;
- Redistribute – the right to make and share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others
The readings by David Wiley, Bates and the sharing by Alastair Creelman, Teresa MacKinnon and some of the PBL group presentations helped me to think about how to address questions 2-4. Listed below are some the takeaways I learned from this topic:
- Take advantage of educational materials that are already available instead of reproducing the same content. This way, we can make good use of the class time to engage students for deeper learning.
- Making content accessible does not necessarily equate to being open.
- Always obtain permission from the owner/author before using any content online and make sure to provide correct attribution when crediting a source.
- Open learning can be present in different context:
- Knowledge sharing
- Sharing resources (images, videos, codes, music, slides, academic papers, recipe, etc)
- Sharing your expertise with colleagues through consultation
- Peer review- students can provide feedback on how to improve their work be it a presentation or a paper
- Actively participating in discussions, blogs, social media platform
- Contributing to a Wiki
- Project collaboration
- Peer mentoring
- Forming communities of practice
- Build a collaborative culture and sharing.
- “Education is a matter of sharing, and the open educational resources approach is designed specifically to enable extremely efficient and affordable sharing.” – Wiley, D., & Green, C. (2012).
- Resources can become “best in class” with through community engagement and development.
Wiley, David and Green, Cable (2012) “Why openness in education?,” Game Changers: Education and Information Technologies, Educause, pp. 81-89, [online] Available from: http://www.educause.edu/Resources/GameChangersEducationandInform /Chapter6WhyOpennessinEducation/249773
UNESCO Paris OER Declaration 2012. http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/Events/English_Paris_OER_Declaration.pdf
Open, education and the future Short TED-talk by David Wiley
Bates, T. (2015). Teaching in a Digital Age: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning.